Posts Tagged ‘mathematics’

The Philosophy of Rene Descartes

April 30, 2012 4 comments

Rene Descartes familiar? He’s a famous philosopher and a mathematician. He presents his own philosophy with style and he created his own or say he started a fresh start in philosophy in terms of ideas. Hes presentation of philosophy is based on the different ideas of other medieval philosophers and in he also mixed with reasons. Descartes states that if a thing is clear and distinct in the way that it is free from doubts then it is a true knowledge then if a certain things to you made you doubt to it then you should considered it not true knowledge because you doubt it and by doubting it, it means that there is a true meaning to that you just haven’t discovered yet, this theory is called Methodic Doubt. Basically all the arguments of Descartes in philosophy is based on doubts, because when you doubt the more you get curious and the more you understand things.

Cogito ergo sum   meaning “I think, therefore I am” Descartes emphasize that if you think then its the bases that you exist in this world. Other form can be “I think, thus I exists”.

Descartes believes that human body is a machine that can live on its own without the help of the soul contrary to what other medieval philosophers like Plato, Aristotle, St. Augustine and St. Thomas of Aquinas, that body cannot function without the soul. One thing that makes it true is the parts of our body that make us move or alive. Like the different systems in our body, Lungs, Heart etc.

Res Extensa (Extended Being) – its basically the things here on the world that occupy space meaning everything that occupy space, corporal. Its capable of living without the soul.

Res Conjitans (Unextended Being) – its the things that doesn’t exist its the idea or form, immaterial, incorporal. E.g: Soul.

And with that example he argued that we human beings does not need soul in order to live though he said that it doesn’t mean that the soul is unimportant to us because it serves us the our awareness, consciousness and direction. For example a car, the car represents the body, the car can start or function but it needs something for it work efficiently so that’s when the driver comes in which represents the soul, so much so that it gives the car a sense of direction because of the driver. Just like the human body together with the human soul.


the more I sought to inform myself, the more I realized how ignorant I was.

 – Rene Descartes

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